Laser-cut plywood, circuitry, computer, microcontroller, speaker, literature, Markov chains



This interactive “radio” has eight stations of computer-generated speech, presented in a faux old-time cathedral radio cabinet with a tuning knob. Each station is a Markov chain generated from texts including Alice in Wonderland, the U.S. Constitution, and the tweet history of Donald Trump. There are 24 hours of looping audio for each station, pegged to the current time.

The Markov Radio was exhibited at the Hirshhorn Museum as part of Sound Scene X, a one-day show on July 8, 2017, curated by the D.C. Listening Lounge. About 10,000 people visited the museum that day.

You can listen to a web version of the Markov Radio at


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